Elizabeth Macarthur’s Quilt at the National Gallery of Victoria

The gallery had sold out of the glossy, colour catalogue for Making the Australian Quilt: 1800–1950 by the time I saw the exhibition last week. But I had a terrific chat with the young woman serving at the museum shop while I placed an order to have the catalogue mailed out (at a discounted rate, no less).

“Isn’t it interesting,” she said, “how contemporary some of those quilt designs are. It’s amazing to think they predated modernism by decades.  But not acknowledged, of course.” She gave me a gorgeous, wry smile. “Why would women’s sewing be acknowledged as art?”

Making the Australian Quilt: 1800–1950 is a wonderful and important exhibition now showing at NGV Australia (the gallery at Federation Square, in the heart of Melbourne). Over eighty works are on display – mainly quilts and bedcovers – and they are variously beautiful, historically significant, poignant, charming and fascinating. Intricate quilts stitched by convict women en route to Australia. Depression-era blankets (called waggas) made in desperation from scrounged bits and pieces. Delicate embroidery commemorating the jubilee of Queen Victoria.

But you know there was only one quilt that I really wanted to see.

EM Quilt

This hexagon quilt, pictured above, is attributed to Elizabeth Macarthur. Her descendants believe she started it sometime around 1840 and her daughters (and/or grand-daughter) finished it. By the 1840s Elizabeth was in her seventies, with fading eyesight and prone to headaches. If she did begin it, I do wonder how much is actually hers…

The colours have faded with time, of course, and some of the fabrics have started to perish. But if you look closely below you can see the individual stitches – perhaps made with Elizabeth’s own hand. I’m a (sometime) quilter myself and I can assure you that those stitches are impressively tiny!

EM Hexagon Stitches

Lady Mary Fitzroy, the wife of the NSW Governor, was making a similar quilt at around the same time. But in 1847 she was killed in an accident (she was handed into the carriage but before her husband could take the reins the horses bolted, took a downhill corner too fast and her carriage tipped over and hit a tree). She’d attended a Macarthur wedding only three days earlier.

The coverlet Lady Fitzroy was working on remains unfinished to this day – the colours of her hexagons a little brighter for having spent a century and more tucked in her sewing bag (see photo below).

Lady Fitzroy Sewing Bag and Hexagons

Lady Fitzroy evidently had a better eye for design than the Macarthur women. She practiced what today we would call ‘fussy cutting’ – deliberately selecting and then cutting fabrics in such a way that a secondary design is created once the hexagon was pieced together (see photo below).


Lady Fitzroy Single Hexagon

But Lady Fitzroy and the Macarthur women used the same technique to ensure the consistency of each hexagonal piece: paper piecing. Hundreds of paper templates were cut, then the fabric was basted on top of the paper, then each hexagon was whip-stitched (with those tiny stitches we’ve already seen) to those adjacent. It’s a technique still very much in use today.

One of the quilts in the exhibition was displayed with the wrong side showing (below).

Hexagon quilt - reverse

Usually a quilter will pull out all the papers once the quilt top is finished but historians are often very grateful if the quilt-maker didn’t manage to get around to it!

Making the Australian Quilt: 1800–1950 is open until 6 November 2016.  The adult entry fee is $15 (concessions are available). The curators have done an excellent job of selecting and displaying the works and it’s an exhibition well worth a visit. I can’t wait for my catalogue to arrive so I can enjoy it all over again.











2018-03-25T13:12:21+10:00 August 30th, 2016|Colonial History, Elizabeth Macarthur|7 Comments


  1. Lisa Hill September 1, 2016 at 8:05 am - Reply

    I’ll be going to this before long: my mother made patchwork quilts for our childhood beds and although they were done with simple squares and a sewing machine, they were so lovely she was asked to make them professionally for a design shop run by a friend of hers.
    I don’t know what became of them when we all grew up and left home. Knowing my mother, I’m sure they ended up in an Op Shop for some lucky person to enjoy:)

    • Michelle Scott Tucker September 1, 2016 at 1:17 pm - Reply

      Your mum is obviously a nicer person than me – my kids will be taking their quilts (and cherishing them, goddammit) whether they want to or not! Do go to the exhibition, although the interest is historical, I think, rather than artistic. But it’s lovely and much more extensive than I expected.

      • Lisa Hill September 1, 2016 at 8:59 pm - Reply

        I do have a lovely handmade ecru lace bedspread that she made, but I don’t dare put it on the bed. (I have not succeeded in teaching the dog not to get on the bed, and Silky Terriers have sharp claws).

  2. whisperinggums September 9, 2016 at 12:11 am - Reply

    As I think I told you Michelle, I did some volunteer conservation work on the Macarthur quilt – not much though as I had to pull out. I was on maternity leave and baby daughter didn’t much like sitting in the pram while I sewed away with my Canberra Quilter pals! My Mum has made a couple of hexagon (Granny Flower Garden) quilts – by hand of course. I don’t imagine you can do these ones my machine. She loves doing them but they’d drive me batty. All those papers to cut out as well as the fabric.

    Anyhow, I’d love to visit this exhibition if it were in my town.

    • Michelle Scott Tucker September 9, 2016 at 3:29 pm - Reply

      Yes – I was thinking of you when I saw it, wondering which stitches were yours! Plenty of people still love their hand-pieced hexagons but I confess they’re not for me…

      • whisperinggums September 9, 2016 at 7:32 pm - Reply

        I don’t think I’d remember Michelle! These days I struggle to do such tiny stitching. Why is that? Same needle, same thread!

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